The Rise of the Menstrual Cup

For over a decade, menstrual cups have been gaining attention as a sustainable, eco-friendly alternative to disposable tampons and pads. Not only do these reusable cups promise to be better for the environment, but they also offer numerous benefits for the user. This guide delves into the nitty-gritty of menstrual cups, highlighting the best diva cup, how to use a menstrual cup, and everything in between.

What are Menstrual Cups?

A menstrual cup is a flexible cup designed to be inserted into the vaginal canal during menstruation. It’s made to collect menstrual fluid, rather than absorb it like tampons. Most menstrual cups are crafted from medical grade silicone, ensuring they are safe to use. The popularity of menstrual cups has led to a plethora of options available today, ranging from the well-known diva cup to newer entrants like the lily cup and saalt soft menstrual cup.

The process to use a menstrual cup might come with a slight learning curve for first-time cup users. Still, many find it more comfortable and cost-effective in the long run. Plus, considering the environmental impact of disposable menstrual products, switching to a reusable menstrual cup is an eco-friendly choice.

Benefits of Using a Menstrual Cup

  1. Eco-Friendly: One reusable menstrual cup can last for several years, significantly reducing the waste from disposable products.
  2. Cost-Effective: Though the initial cost might be more than a pack of tampons or pads, in the long run, using a menstrual cup is a money-saver.
  3. Longer Wear Time: Menstrual cups can be worn up to 12 hours, depending on your flow. This extended wear time means fewer bathroom trips.
  4. Less Risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS): While the risk is not completely eliminated, it’s significantly lower than with tampons.
  5. No Dryness or Irritation: Unlike tampons, which can absorb the vagina’s natural moisture, menstrual cups only collect menstrual blood, preserving the pH and bacterial balance.

The Diva Cup and Other Popular Choices

The Diva Cup has become synonymous with menstrual cups, mainly because it was one of the first brands on the market. It’s a great starter cup, especially for menstrual cup beginners, but the market is vast. The Lily Cup is praised for its soft silicone design, perfect for those with a sensitive bladder. In contrast, the Cora Cup and Flex Cup are gaining traction for their unique features and ease of use.

One interesting variant is the menstrual disc, like the flex cup, which sits at the base of the cervix rather than in the vaginal canal. Menstrual discs, such as the flex disc, are gaining popularity due to their distinct shape and fit.

Choosing the right menstrual cup or menstrual disc depends on various factors, including menstrual flow, anatomy, and personal preference. For instance, a firmer cup might be suitable for someone with an active lifestyle, while a softer cup, like the saalt soft menstrual cup, might be ideal for those with bladder sensitivity.

Menstrual Cup Sizing and Fit

Just like shoes, when it comes to menstrual cups, size matters. Most cups, like the Pixie Cup or Lena Cup, come in a few different sizes. Factors like whether one has given birth vaginally, age, and the heaviness of menstrual flow can influence the right menstrual cup size.

The cup’s size and design ensure that it pops open once inside and forms a seal with the vaginal walls, preventing leaks. If menstrual cups leak or cause discomfort, it might be a sizing issue or improper insertion and removal.

Remember, while the diva cup is a renowned choice, it’s essential to explore other cups to find your goldilocks cup – the one that’s just right for you!

Insertion, Removal, and Maintenance: Mastering the Menstrual Cup Technique

Inserting the Menstrual Cup: Breaking Down the Process

For many, the most intimidating part of the menstrual cup journey is the insertion. But with practice and patience, this process becomes second nature.

  1. Hygiene First: Always begin by washing your hands thoroughly. Using a mild soap is ideal.
  2. Choose a Folding Technique: There are several ways to fold a menstrual cup for insertion. The most popular methods include the “C-fold” or “U-fold,” where you press the sides of the cup together and then fold it in half, forming a ‘C’ or ‘U’ shape. The “punch-down” method involves pushing one side of the rim down into the base, creating a point for easier insertion.
  3. Relax and Find a Comfortable Position: Whether you prefer standing with one leg raised, squatting, or sitting, choose a position that allows your vaginal muscles to relax.
  4. Insert the Folded Cup: Holding the folded cup with one hand, use your other hand to gently separate your labia. Slowly insert the folded cup into your vagina, pointing it towards your tailbone.
  5. Ensure It’s Positioned Correctly: The cup should pop open once inside. If it doesn’t, you can rotate it slightly or run a finger around its base to make sure it’s fully open and has formed a seal. It should be positioned below the cervix and above the pubic bone.

Removing the Menstrual Cup: Tips for a Smooth Experience

Removing the menstrual cup can be just as daunting as insertion for first-time cup users, but the key is to stay calm and patient.

  1. Wash Your Hands: Again, start with clean hands.
  2. Relax: Relaxing your vaginal muscles makes removal much more comfortable. Take deep breaths if needed.
  3. Find the Base: Insert a finger and thumb into your vagina and gently pinch the base of the cup. This action breaks the seal.
  4. Slow and Steady Wins: Slowly wiggle the cup from side to side as you gently pull it out. Avoid simply pulling on the pull tab as this can create discomfort. Remember, it’s a gentle process!

Taking Care of Your Menstrual Cup

  • Clean After Each Use: Once you’ve removed and emptied your cup, rinse it under cold water first to prevent staining. Then, wash with warm water and a mild soap.
  • Deep Cleaning: At the end of your cycle, it’s essential to sterilize your cup. Boil it for 5-7 minutes in water. Make sure it’s completely submerged.
  • Storage: Store your cup in a breathable pouch, usually provided with most cups like the Pixie Cup or Diva Cup. Avoid airtight containers.

Addressing Concerns: Leaks, Discomfort, and More

While menstrual cups are designed not to leak, it can occasionally happen. If a menstrual cup leaks, it’s often due to incorrect positioning or size mismatch. For those with a heavy flow, choosing a larger cup might be beneficial. A high cervix may require a longer cup or one with a longer pull tab.

Discomfort often arises from not having the right size or not inserting the cup correctly. For those with bladder sensitivity, a softer cup or one made from soft silicone, like the Saalt Soft Menstrual Cup, might be more comfortable.

Exploring the Market: A Deep Dive into Menstrual Cup Brands and Designs

Understanding the Different Types of Menstrual Cups

While the general idea behind menstrual cups remains consistent – a reusable cup made predominantly from medical grade silicone – there are significant differences in designs, features, and usability among the various brands. Here’s a closer look:

Bell-shaped vs. Flat-Bottomed Cups

Bell-shaped cups like the Diva Cup or the Lily Cup are slightly longer and might be more suitable for those with a high cervix. The bell shape is designed to be comfortable and less noticeable when inserted. On the other hand, flat-bottomed cups such as the Meluna cups have a shorter length and might be preferable for individuals with a low cervix or shorter vaginal canal.

Firmness Level: Soft to Firm Cups

The firmness of a menstrual cup can significantly impact comfort, especially for those with bladder sensitivity. While firmer cups, like some Lena Cup variants, can pop open more easily upon insertion and might be ideal for those involved in active sports, softer cups can be more comfortable for individuals with a sensitive bladder or those who prefer a less noticeable presence. The Saalt Soft Menstrual Cup is a good example of a softer cup.

Menstrual Discs: A Distinct Variant

Menstrual discs, like the Flex disc, differ in design from traditional menstrual cups. They are wider and sit at the base of the cervix, rather than within the vaginal canal. Some users prefer discs due to their ability to be worn during intercourse. Furthermore, their design can be more comfortable for individuals with issues like a tilted uterus.

Menstrual Cup Features to Consider

1. Pull Tab: Cups like the Flex Cup come with a pull tab, making the removal process more straightforward, especially for menstrual cup beginners.

2. Capacity: Based on your flow – light, medium, or heavy flow – you might want to consider the capacity of the cup. While most cups can handle medium flow efficiently, those with a heavy flow might benefit from a larger cup like the Pixie Cup XL.

3. Material: Almost all menstrual cups are made of medical-grade silicone, ensuring safety. Still, some are also available in TPE (thermoplastic elastomer) or latex.

4. Color and Transparency: While the color doesn’t impact functionality, some individuals prefer colored cups to avoid staining, while others opt for transparent cups to monitor the menstrual fluid.

Tips for Choosing the Best Menstrual Cup for Your Needs

1. Understand Your Anatomy: Whether you’ve given birth vaginally, your cervix height (low, medium, or high), and your menstrual flow can influence your choice.

2. Trial and Error: As with many personal care products, sometimes the best way to find the right menstrual cup is through experimentation.

3. Research and Reviews: Spend time reading reviews from other users. It can provide insights into potential issues or benefits that you hadn’t considered.

Debunking Menstrual Cup Myths: Separating Fact from Fiction

In the world of menstrual care, myths abound. Menstrual cups, despite their growing popularity, are no exception. Let’s address and debunk some of the most persistent misconceptions about menstrual cups.

Myth 1: Using a Menstrual Cup is Risky

Truth: Menstrual cups made from medical grade silicone, latex, or elastomer are safe. While any internal menstrual product can pose a tiny risk of toxic shock syndrome (TSS), it’s extremely rare with menstrual cups. Always ensure you’re following the recommended menstrual cup cleaning practices to minimize any risks.

Myth 2: Menstrual Cups are Too Big to Fit Comfortably

Truth: The vaginal canal is incredibly elastic – after all, it can stretch to accommodate childbirth. With the right size and insertion technique, a menstrual cup should fit snugly and comfortably. Brands often offer a few different sizes, catering to those who’ve given birth vaginally and those who haven’t.

Myth 3: Menstrual Cups are Only for the Young and Childless

Truth: Age or childbirth does not limit menstrual cup use. Many brands, like the Saalt Cup or Lena Cup, provide options specifically designed for post-childbirth use. It’s about finding the right menstrual cup size and shape for your anatomy.

Myth 4: Cups Will Get Stuck or Lost Inside You

Truth: It’s anatomically impossible for the cup to get “lost” inside you. While sometimes a cup might sit higher in the vaginal canal, especially if you have a high cervix, it can always be reached and removed with some patience and relaxation techniques.

Myth 5: Menstrual Discs are the Same as Menstrual Cups

Truth: As mentioned earlier, menstrual discs, like the Flex disc, differ from menstrual cups in design and placement. While both are reusable alternatives to tampons and pads, they cater to different preferences and anatomical needs.

Myth 6: Menstrual Cups are Messy and Unhygienic

Truth: With proper insertion and removal techniques, using a menstrual cup can be as clean as using tampons or pads. It’s all about familiarity and practice. Over time, most users find the process straightforward and not any messier than other methods.

Myth 7: You Can’t Be Active While Using a Cup

Truth: Menstrual cups are ideal for active individuals. Whether you’re swimming, running, or practicing yoga, the cup’s seal ensures no leaks. Firmer cups are especially recommended for those engaging in high-intensity activities.

Sustainable and Cost-Effective: The Environmental and Economic Upsides of Menstrual Cups

Over the past decade, there’s been a seismic shift in consumer behaviors, leaning towards sustainable and eco-friendly choices. The menstrual cup, a product that has been around for over a decade, fits seamlessly into this conscious lifestyle.

The Environmental Benefits

Reduced Waste

A single menstrual cup, when maintained properly, can last for up to 10 years. Consider the amount of waste you’d generate using disposable tampons or pads over a decade, and the advantages of a reusable menstrual cup become evident.

Decreased Carbon Footprint

Production and disposal of disposable menstrual products contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. By switching to a reusable cup, you’re drastically reducing your carbon footprint.

Conservation of Resources

The manufacturing process of tampons and pads requires large amounts of water and other natural resources. Using a menstrual cup reduces the demand on these resources.

The Economic Benefits

Long-term Savings

While the initial investment in a menstrual cup might be higher than a box of tampons or pads, the savings over time are substantial. Considering the durability of most menstrual cups, the cost per use diminishes significantly over the years.

Fewer Purchases

With a menstrual cup, there’s no monthly expenditure on menstrual products. No last-minute runs to the store, no stockpiling. This not only saves money but also time and convenience.

Lowered Risk of Additional Costs

Menstrual cups leak less frequently than tampons or pads when used correctly, potentially saving users from additional costs like ruined underwear or unexpected laundry.

Additional Considerations

Switching to a menstrual cup or menstrual disc can also bring about other benefits that, while not directly financial or environmental, add value:

  • Discretion: With no wrappers or applicators to dispose of, menstrual cups offer a more discreet menstruating experience.
  • Less Frequent Changes: Menstrual cups can be worn up to 12 hours, depending on flow, allowing for longer intervals between changes than most tampons or pads.
  • Chemical-Free: Most menstrual cups, especially those made from medical-grade silicone, are free from bleaches, fragrances, and other chemicals present in some disposable products.

Menstrual Cup Mastery: Tips for Insertion, Removal, and Maintenance

Whether you’re considering a menstrual cup for the first time or you’re a seasoned user looking to refine your technique, this section is for you. Proper usage ensures comfort, efficiency, and longevity of your chosen cup.

Insertion: Getting it Right from the Start

  1. Relax: The first step is to relax your pelvic muscles. Being tense can make insertion more challenging.
  2. Find Your Fold: There are various methods to fold a menstrual cup, such as the “C-fold” or the “punch-down” fold. Experiment to find what’s most comfortable for you.
  3. Lubrication: If you find the cup challenging to insert, use water or a water-based lubricant on the rim.
  4. Angle and Position: Aim towards your tailbone, not straight up. The cup should sit lower than a tampon, with the stem fully inside.
  5. Ensure it Opens: Once inside, the cup should “pop open”. You can check by running a finger around the base to ensure it’s fully open and has formed a seal against your vaginal walls.

Removal: Slow and Steady Wins the Race

  1. Stay Calm: Especially for beginners, removal can seem daunting. Relax and take your time.
  2. Break the Seal: Before trying to pull the cup out, pinch the base to break the suction seal.
  3. Use the Stem: The stem isn’t just for pulling. Use it to guide your fingers to the base for a better grip.
  4. Avoid Spills: Lean forward and pull the cup out horizontally to avoid spills.

Cleaning and Maintenance: Keeping it Clean

  1. Regular Cleaning: Rinse your cup with cold water first to prevent staining. Then, wash with warm water and mild soap.
  2. Deep Cleaning: Boil the menstrual cup in water for 5-7 minutes at the start or end of your cycle.
  3. Storage: Store your cup in a breathable pouch, not a sealed container, to allow for airflow.
  4. Regular Inspections: Check for signs of wear, tear, or any changes in texture. If you notice any, it might be time to replace your cup.

General Tips for Cup Users

  • Practice Makes Perfect: Remember, there’s a learning curve with menstrual cups, just as there was when you first used tampons. Give yourself time to adjust.
  • Seek Guidance: If unsure, consider seeking advice or watching videos on insertion and removal techniques. Sometimes, a visual aid can make all the difference.
  • Stay Hygienic: Always wash your hands thoroughly before handling your menstrual cup.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which Diva Cup should I get?

If you’re new to the world of menstrual cups, the Diva Cup is often recommended as a great starter cup. It comes in a few different sizes, generally based on age and whether you’ve given birth vaginally. The Diva Cup is made from medical-grade silicone and has a medium firmness, which makes it a Goldilocks cup for many—neither too soft nor too firm. However, your flow and anatomy are unique, so you may need to try a couple of sizes to find your perfect fit.

What is the easiest menstrual cup to insert and remove?

The easiest menstrual cup to insert and remove often depends on individual anatomy and comfort levels with insertion and removal. That said, the Flex Cup is frequently noted for its ease of removal due to its innovative pull tab. The Lily Cup also gets high marks for easy insertion because of its smooth design and soft silicone material. Remember, the easiest menstrual cup for one person may not be the easiest for another, so it may take some trial and error to find your ideal cup.

Which menstrual cup is least likely to leak?

Leakage is a common concern among menstrual cup users, but the truth is that most menstrual cups leak less frequently than tampons or pads when used correctly. Brands like Lena Cup, which features a bell-shaped design, are often cited for their leak-resistant properties. Proper insertion to ensure a secure seal against your vaginal walls will also significantly reduce the likelihood of leaks, regardless of the brand you choose.